Mastering the metropolis through research and thought leadership.
Working Papers

The Philadelphia Metropolitan Case Study

Working paper #328
Anita A. Summers

The major conclusions from an analysis of socioeconomic and fiscal data for each of the MCDs in the Philadelphia MSA are these:
1. The communities experiencing the greatest population expansion are the ones that are smaller and more affluent.
2. The land use data confirms the increased absorption of land for development, but, in the areas of the major highway corridors, the growth has not hit zoning limitations.
3. The highest poverty is in communities with higher population density, older housing, more violent crime, and higher proportions of blacks, multi-family houses, and nonresidential developed land.
4. Poor communities exert higher tax effort, suggesting that intergovernmental flows do not fully offset the public services burdens of the poor.
5. State funding flows are unrelated to poverty rates. While larger amounts of federal redistributional funds are directed to poor MCDs, nonredistributional funds — the much larger share of federal dollars — are not. The net effect of federal flows is not redistributional.
The major policy paths involve (1) the revision of state and federal aid formulas, and (2) serious attention, in the immediate period ahead, to land-use policies.

Download full paper · 2MB PDF

In This Section
Explore Topics

1010 Affordable Housing Amazon Amenitization Architecture Artificial Intelligence Asia Australia automation Autonomous Vehicles bonds Borrowing Constraints Brexit California Canada Capital Business China Co-Working Environment coastal markets cold storage Colombia Commercial Brokerage Commercial Real Estate commissions Congestion consumer bias covid-19 CRE credit card market Credit Default Swaps Credit Insurance Credit Risk Transfers Culture Data Analytics data centers Data Collection Technology Debt Market Demand Demographics Density Development Discrete Choice disruption Diversity drones e-Commerce Economic Corridors economic policy economics education election studies Equity Funds Equity Market Ethnic Factors Europe Fannie Mae financial asset management Foreclosures Foreign Policy France Freddie Mac general equilibrium Global global economy Global Financial Crisis Globalization great depression Great Recession healthy buildings Hedonic hospitality Housing & Residential housing boom Housing Disease housing prices Housing Supply Identity Income Inequality India inflation Inter-generational mobility interest rates Investing jobs labor market Lagging Regions land use regulation Language life sciences Macroeconomics malls Market Pricing megacities Microeconomics Migration Minimum Payments Mixed-Use Mobility moral hazard mortgage insurance mortgage market Mortgage Rates Mortgages Multi-family Nation Building Non-Traditional Mortgages Office Market office sector pension funds Placed Based Policies Political Risk Price Discovery Private Equity Business public health public policy Public Schools real estate brokerage Real Estate Investment Real Estate Investment Trusts Recession Rental Retail Retirement reverse mortgages Risk Adjustment risk management risk-shifting robotics single family housing Slums Sorting South America Spatial Regions spillover effect stimulus package Sub-Prime Mortgages Supply Chains Sustainability Technology telecommunications trade transportation unemployment United States Urban Urbanization Warehouse welfare work from home